The Seasons in Russia are Winter, spring, summer and autumn are the seasons of the year.
December, January and February are winter months. The weather is cold. Usually it snows. The days are short and the nights are long. You can see snow everywhere. The rivers and lakes freeze and we can go skating and skiing.
March, April, May are spring months. It is a very nice season. The weather is fine, it is warm. There are many green trees in the streets, in the parks and the yards. Sometimes it rains, but as usual the sun shines brightly. The birds return from the hot countries and make their nests.
June, July and August are summer months. It is hot or warm. The days are long and the nights are short. There are many green trees and nice flowers in the parks and in the squares in summer. The pupils don’t go to school, they have got their summer holidays.
June is the first month of summer. We have got the longest day and the shortest night of the year on the 21st-22nd of June. You can see the strawberries in the forest and in the gardens in June.
July is the middle month of summer. It is hot and the sun shines brightly, the sky is blue and you can’t see any clouds in the sky.
August is the last summer month, it is the end of summer. Sometimes it is cool in August, but there are many mushrooms, berries and fruits in August.
September, October, November are autumn months. It is cool. The weather is changeable. It often rains. The days become shorter and the nights become longer. The birds prepare to fly to the South. One can see yellow, red, brown leaves everywhere. It is time for gathering harvest.
The climate of Russia is formed under the influence of several determining factors. The enormous size of the country and the remoteness of many areas from the sea result in the dominance of the continental climate, which is prevalent in European and Asian Russia except for the tundra and the extreme southeast. Mountains in the south obstructing the flow of warm air masses from the Indian Ocean and the plain of the west and north makes the country open to Arctic and Atlantic influences
Due to the moderating influence of the Atlantic or Pacific, most areas of the country in European Russia, in the south of West Siberia and in the south of the Russian Far East, including the cities of Moscow and Saint Petersburg, experience a humid continental climate.
Most of Northern European Russia and Siberia between the Scandinavian Peninsula and the Pacific Ocean has a subarctic climate, with extremely severe winters in the inner regions of Northeast Siberia (mostly the Sakha Republic, where the Northern Pole of Cold is located with the record low temperature of −69 °C or −92.2 °F), and more moderate elsewhere.
The strip of land along the shore of the Arctic Ocean, as well as the Arctic islands, have a polar climate (extreme polar climate on some of the islands and tundra climate elsewhere). A small portion of the Black Sea coast, most notably in Sochi, possesses a humid subtropical climate with unusually wet winters.
Winter is dry compared to summer in many regions of East Siberia and the Far East, while other parts of the country experience more even precipitation across seasons. Winter precipitation in most parts of the country usually falls as snow. The region along the Lower Volga and Caspian Sea coast, as well as some areas of southernmost Siberia, possess a semi-arid climate. The city of Kaliningrad has an Oceanic climate due to its relatively mild (avg. above -3C) winters and cool summers.
About 65% of the Russian territory is underlined by permafrost.