Niagara Falls, Canada

Niagara Falls, Canada (DE-4003552)

Niagara Falls, Canada (DE-4003552)

Niagara adalah air terjun besar di sungai Niagara yang berada di garis perbatasan internasional antara negara bagian Amerika Serikat New York dengan provinsi Kanada Ontario. Air terjun ini berjarak sekitar 17 mil (27 km) sebelah utara barat laut dari Buffalo, New York dan 75 mil (120 km) tenggara Toronto, Ontario.

Niagara adalah nama kelompok dari tiga air terjun. Ketiga air terjun tersebut adalah air terjun Horseshoe (kadang-kadang disebut sebagai air terjun Kanada), air terjun Amerika, dan yang lebih kecil yakni air terjun Bridal Veil yang dipisahkan oleh sebuah pulau bernama Luna Island dari air terjun utama.

Meski tidak terlalu tinggi, Niagara merupakan air terjun yang sangat lebar dan terpopuler di dunia. Lebih dari 6 juta kaki kubik (168.000 m3) air per menit dijatuhkan dan ini merupakan air terjun yang paling kuat di Amerika Utara.

Niagara juga terkenal akan pelangi indahnya yang melintang di tengah derasnya air terjun. Keindahan alam yang terdapat di sekeliling Niagara membuat jutaan orang dari setiap belahan dunia mengunjunginya setiap hari. Apalagi kalau bukan untuk melihat air terjun yang paling populer ini. Sehingga, devisa pun banyak mengalir bagi kedua negara ini.


Niagara Falls is the collective name for three waterfalls that straddle the international border between Canada and the United States; more specifically, between the province of Ontario and the state of New York. They form the southern end of the Niagara Gorge. From largest to smallest, the three waterfalls are the Horseshoe Falls, the American Falls and the Bridal Veil Falls. The Horseshoe Falls lie mostly on the Canadian side and the American Falls entirely on the American side, separated by Goat Island. The smaller Bridal Veil Falls are also located on the American side, separated from the other waterfalls by Luna Island. The international boundary line was originally drawn through Horseshoe Falls in 1819, but the boundary has long been in dispute due to natural erosion and construction.

Located on the Niagara River, which drains Lake Erie into Lake Ontario, the combined falls form the highest flow rate of any waterfall in the world, with a vertical drop of more than 165 feet (50 m). Horseshoe Falls is the most powerful waterfall in North America, as measured by vertical height and also by flow rate.The falls are located 17 miles (27 km) north-northwest of Buffalo, New York and 75 miles (121 km) south-southeast ofToronto, between the twin cities of Niagara Falls, Ontario, and Niagara Falls, New York.

Niagara Falls were formed when glaciers receded at the end of the Wisconsin glaciation (the last ice age), and water from the newly formed Great Lakes carved a path through the Niagara Escarpment en route to the Atlantic Ocean. While not exceptionally high, the Niagara Falls are very wide. More than six million cubic feet (168,000 m3) of water falls over the crest line every minute in high flow, and almost four million cubic feet (110,000 m3) on average.

The Niagara Falls are renowned both for their beauty and as a valuable source of hydroelectric power. Managing the balance between recreational, commercial, and industrial uses has been a challenge for the stewards of the falls since the 19th century.

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