Danau Baikal, Rusia.

Danau Baikal (Baikal Lake), Russia. #754

Danau Baikal (Baikal Lake), Russia. #754

Danau Baikal adalah danau terdalam dan tertua di dunia dan terbanyak (dalam isi) air tawarnya di Bumi. Danau ini berisi lebih dari 20% air tawar dunia dan lebih dari 90% air tawar Russia.

Shamanka Rock, Baikal. Rusia. - Postcrossing ID : RU - 3608751. Dated 06 April 2015.

Shamanka Rock, Baikal. Rusia. – Postcrossing ID : RU – 3608751. Dated 06 April 2015. Printed in Rusia – 2014 by Postal Shop, http://www.postal-shop.ru

Danau ini merupakan Situs warisan dunia yang terletak di selatan Siberia di Russia, antara Oblast Irkutsk di barat laut dan Buryatia di tenggara, dekat kota Irkutsk. Nama ini berasal dari kata Tatar “Bai-Kul” – “danau kaya”. Dia juga dikenal dengan “Mata Biru Siberia”. Dalam bahasa Russia, dia disebut Байка́л (Ozero Baykal, О́зеро secara harfiah berarti Danau), dan dalam bahasa Buryat dan Mongol dia disebut Dalai-Nor, atau “Laut suci”.

Lake Baikal #754

Situated in south-east Siberia, the 3.15-million-ha Lake Baikal is the oldest (25 million years) and deepest (1,700 m) lake in the world. It contains 20% of the world’s total unfrozen freshwater reserve. Known as the ‘Galapagos of Russia’, its age and isolation have produced one of the world’s richest and most unusual freshwater faunas, which is of exceptional value to evolutionary science.

The landscape surrounding the lake basin, with its mountains, boreal forests, tundra, lakes, islands and steppes, is exceptionally picturesque. The Baikal region has some 1,200 historical, archaeological and cultural monuments of which 1,000 have state protection. A number of these are considered sacred. There is also a mix of distinctive cultures in the region and an interesting human history.

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