Rotes Rathaus, Berlin

Germany - The Rathaus, Berlin

Rotes Rathaus (yang dalam bahasa Jerman berarti Balai Kota Merah) adalah gedung Balai kota Berlin, terletak di Rathausstraße di sektor Berlin-Mitte. Gedung ini adalah rumah dari wali kota dan pemerintahan negara bagian federal Jerman. Nama dari markah tanah ini berasal dari warna gedung yang berwarna merah bata.

Balai kota ini dibangun pada tahun 1861 dan 1869 dengan gaya Renaissance Italia, gedung ini dibangun oleh arsitek Jerman Hermann Friedrich Waesemann. Arsitektur dari menaranya menyamai dengan menara katedral Laon di Prancis.

Gedung ini mengalami kerusakan parah oleh pengeboman Sekutu pada Perang Dunia II. Gedung ini terletak di sektor Soviet, gedung ini dipakai sebagai balai kota Berlin Timur.

It was modelled on the Old Town Hall of Toruń, today Poland, while the architecture of the tower is reminiscent of the cathedral tower of Notre-Dame de Laon in France. It replaced several individual buildings dating from the Middle Ages and now occupies an entire city block.

The building was heavily damaged by Allied bombing in World War II and rebuilt to the original plans between 1951 and 1956. The Neues Stadthaus, which survived the bombing and had formerly been the head office of Berlin’s municipal fire insurance Feuersozietät in Parochialstraße served as the temporary city hall for the post-war city government for all the sectors of Berlin until September 1948. Following that time, it housed only those of the Soviet sector.

The reconstructed Rotes Rathaus, then located in the Soviet sector, served as the town hall of East Berlin, while the Rathaus Schöneberg was seat of the West Berlin Senate. After German reunification, the administration of reunified Berlin officially moved into the Rotes Rathaus on 1 October 1991.(Wikipedia)

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