Apak Hoja Tomb, The Islamic Mausoleum in China

China - Apak Hoja Tomb – Kashgar
Apak Hoja Tomb is located about 5 km east of Kashgar. Built in 1640, it is the tomb of Apak Hoja and the families. As the largest Islamic mausoleum in China, Apak Hoja Tomb covers an area of 20,000 square meters, composed of gate tower, great mosque, small mosque, scripture hall and main tomb chamber.
The legend goes that a lady called Yiparhan, Hoja’s descendants, was once a concubine of Qianlong Emperor in Qing Dynasty. She was commonly-known as the “Fragrant Concubine” because of the rich delicate fragrance of flower sent forth by her body. After she died, her remains was escorted back to Kashgar and was buried in the Apak Hoja Tomb.
 
Another legend is said that the first generation buried here was Yusuf Hoja (1640), a celebrated Islamic missionary. After he died, his oldest son Apak Hoja carried on his father’s missionary work and became the leader of the famous Islamic faction of Baishan during the seventeenth century which seized the power of the Yarkant Court for a time. Apak Hoja died in 1693 and was buried in the tomb. His reputation was greater than his father’s, so the tomb was renamed “the Apak Hoja Tomb”.
Abakh Khoja Tomb consists of five parts: a gate tower, a chapel, a large worship temple, a hall for learning scripture and a tomb chamber. The tomb chamber is mighty and splendid. The walls of this chamber are decorated by green marble bricks with yellow and blue tiles enchased among them. The gate of the tomb is located to the south of the chamber.
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