Diah Permata Megawati Setiawati Sukarnoputri (born 23 January 1947), generally known as Megawati, is the daughter of Indonesia’s first president, Sukarno. She is leader of Partai Demokrasi Indonesia – Perjuangan, (the opposition party PDI-P). Megawati serving as Vice-President under Abdurrahman Wahid, Megawati became President when Wahid was removed from office in 2001. She served as the President of Indonesia from 23 July 2001 to 20 October 2004.
As Vice President, Megawati had considerable authority by virtue of her commanding many seats in the DPR. Wahid delegated to her the problems in Ambon, although she was not successful.By the time the MPR Annual Session assembled in August 2000, many considered Wahid to be ineffective as President or as an administrator. Wahid responded to this by issuing a Presidential Decree, giving Megawati day-to-day control of the Government.
Megawati had an ambivalent relationship with Wahid. During the Cabinet reshuffle of August 2000 for example, Megawati was not present for the announcement of the new line-up. At another occasion, when the political tide began to turn against Wahid, Megawati defended him and lashed out against critics.In 2001, Megawati began to distance herself from Wahid as a Special Session of the MPR approached and her prospects of becoming President improved. Although she refused to make any specific comments, she showed signs of preparing herself, holding a meeting with party leaders a day before the Special Session was to start.
On 23 July 2001, the People’s Consultative Assembly (MPR) removed Wahid from office and, on the same day, swore in Megawati as the new president.She thus became the fifth woman to lead a Muslim nation (after Benazir Bhutto of Pakistan, Tansu Çiller of Turkey and Khaleda Zia and Hasina Wajed of Bangladesh).She was the country’s only female president and the fourth woman to lead a predominantly Muslim nation. She is also the first Indonesian leader to be born after Indonesia proclaimed its independence.
The rise of an icon of opposition against the Suharto regime to the presidency was initially widely welcomed, however it soon became apparent that her presidency was marked with indecisiveness, lack of clear ideological direction, and “a reputation for inaction on important policy issues”.The good side of slow progress of reforms and avoiding confrontations was that she stabilized the overall democratization process and relationship between legislative, executive, and military.
She ran for re-election in the 2004 presidential election, but was defeated by Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono. She sought a rematch 2009 presidential election, losing again to Yudhoyono.
Hamzah Haz (born 15 February 1940 in Ketapang, West Kalimantan) is an Indonesian politician. He is the head of the United Development Party (PPP) and served as the ninth Vice-President from 2001 until 2004. Hamzah was a newspaper journalist in his home town of Pontianak, on the island of Borneo, and later taught economics at Tanjungpura University. His political career began in 1968 as a member of the in West Kalimantan provincial parliament. He later moved to Jakarta, became a member of parliament in 1971, first as a member of the Muslim Nahdlatul Ulama group. In 1973 he became a member of the PPP.
Hamzah served as minister for investment under President B. J. Habibie, who replaced Suharto, then resigned that post to lead the PPP in the 1999 elections. Hamzah joined the cabinet of President Abdurrahman Wahid, then became the first minister to quit Wahid’s first cabinet, resigning as minister for people’s welfare after just two months. He became a vocal critic of Wahid, but he is also known for his ability to compromise. By the time of Wahid’s impeachment in the summer of 2001, Hamzah was leader of the PPP, then the third-largest party in the Indonesian Parliament.
In the 2004 presidential election, Hamzah Haz was one of the presidential candidates, running with team-mate Agum Gumelar. The pair finished last among the five candidates, garnering only 3 percent of the total vote.