Taiwan, officially the Republic of China (ROC), is a state in East Asia. Its neighbors include the People’s Republic of China (PRC) to the west, Japan to the northeast, and the Philippines to the south. It is the most populous state and largest economy that is not a member of the United Nations.
The island of Taiwan, formerly known as Formosa, was inhabited by aborigines before the 17th century, when Dutch and Spanish colonies opened the island to mass Han immigration. After a brief rule by the Kingdom of Tungning, the island was annexed by the Qing dynasty, the last dynasty of China. The Qing ceded Taiwan to Japan in 1895 after the Sino-Japanese War. While Taiwan was under Japanese rule, the Republic of China (ROC) was established on the mainland in 1912 after the fall of the Qing dynasty.
Following the Japanese surrender to the Allies in 1945, Republic of China took control of Taiwan. However, the resumption of the Chinese Civil War led to the Republic of China’s loss of the mainland to the Communists, and the flight of the Republic of China government to Taiwan in 1949. Although the ROC continued to claim to be the legitimate government of China, its effective jurisdiction had, since the loss of Hainan in 1950, been limited to Taiwan and its surrounding islands, with the main island making up 99% of its de facto territory.
As a founding member of the United Nations, Republic of China continued to represent China at the United Nations until 1971, when the PRC assumed China’s seat, causing the ROC to lose its UN membership.
In the early 1960s, Taiwan entered a period of rapid economic growth and industrialization, creating a stable industrial economy. In the 1980s and early 1990s, it changed from a one-party military dictatorship dominated by the Kuomintang to a multi-party democracy with a semi-presidential system.
Taiwan is the 22nd-largest economy in the world, and its high-tech industry plays a key role in the global economy. It is ranked highly in terms of freedom of the press, healthcare, public education, economic freedom, and human development. The country benefits from a highly skilled workforce and is among the most highly educated countries in the world with one of the highest percentages of its citizens holding a tertiary education degree.
The PRC has consistently claimed sovereignty over Taiwan and asserted the ROC is no longer in legitimate existence. Under its One-China Policy the PRC refuses diplomatic relations with any country that recognizes the ROC. Today, 20 countries maintain official ties with the ROC but many other states maintain unofficial ties through representative offices and institutions that function as de facto embassies and consulates.
Although Taiwan is fully self-governing, most international organizations in which the PRC participates either refuse to grant membership to Taiwan or allow it to participate only as a non-state actor. Internally, the major division in politics is between the aspirations of eventual Chinese unification or Taiwanese independence, though both sides have moderated their positions to broaden their appeal.
The People’s Republic of China has threatened the use of military force in response to any formal declaration of independence by Taiwan or if PRC leaders decide that peaceful unification is no longer possible. The PRC and ROC standoff dates back from the Chinese Civil War, First Taiwan Strait Crisis, Second Taiwan Strait Crisis and Third Taiwan Strait Crisis. (Wikipedia)
Dr. Sun Yat Sen
Dr. Sun Yat-sen was a Chinese physician, writer, philosopher, calligrapher and revolutionary, the first president and founding father of the Republic of China. As the foremost pioneer and first leader of a Republican China, Sun is referred to as the “Father of the Nation” in the Republic of China (ROC) and the “forerunner of democratic revolution” in the People’s Republic of China (PRC). Sun played an instrumental role in the overthrow of the Qing dynasty (the last imperial dynasty of China) during the years leading up to the Xinhai Revolution.
He was appointed to serve as Provisional President of the Republic of China when it was founded in 1912. He later co-founded the Kuomintang (Nationalist Party of China), serving as its first leader. Sun was a uniting figure in post-Imperial China, and he remains unique among 20th-century Chinese politicians for being widely revered amongst the people from both sides of the Taiwan Strait.
The farm is located in the valley area of Heping Township, Taichung County. It is the habitat of national treasure “Masu Salmon”, an endangered fish, and one of the main farming areas in Taiwan. The view of maple leaves and cool climate make Wuling Farm a wonderful place to spend your vacation. The snow view in winter is another feature of Wuling Farm, and the trails under different terrain lead you to spectacular scenery. Along your journey, you may also head to Shei-Pa National Park which is also located in Heping Township. Wuling Forest Park is an ideal destination for hikers and tourists, offering views of mountains, valleys and waterfalls. The Park has campground, trails and ecology garden. Wuling suspension bridge is right at the entrance to the home of Masu Salmon.
Taiwan, August 10, 2010
Hi, greetings from Taiwan. Wuling Farm is one of the most prominent farms, which can easily reached from Mt. Hehuan, located about 29 KM from Lishan on the Yilan branch of the central Cross – Island Highway. Wuling Farm have high mountain fruits, vegetables adn tea (Chingshin – Oulung). The spectakular sceneryof surrounding mountains. Wuling Farm is a nice place that you can come here with your families during holiday.
All the best,
Located in Rueifan Town, Taipei County, Chiufen used to be the center of gold mining in Taiwan. With a unique location and landscape, the famous scenic spot, Chiufen is surrounded by mountains and facing the sea, offering amazing views of Mist Sea that creates a romantic ambience. When gold mining industry ended, Chiufen was once solitude until the rise of tourism in Chiufen, it is now one of the must-see attractions at Taipei.
The name, Chiufen means nine portions in Mandarin. According to the references from Taipei County Government, there were only nine families lived in this village during Ching Dynasty. Due to lack of resources, whenever one of the nine families went grocery shopping in the market or purchasing goods from freighters, they would purchase nine portions; this is how Chiufen earned its name. Until 1893, gold was found in Chiufen, large numbers of gold miners entered the village and brought prosperities to the area. During World War Two after restoration of Taiwan, gold fever subsided, gold mining industry officially ended in 1971.
Today, Chiufen features historical sites of Japanese styled architectures and a vivid old street that offers abundant local snacks and exotic traditional stores. Famous Chiufen snacks include sweet taro balls made by tapioca starch and taro, rice cake with Chinese herbs, red vinasse Taiwanese meatball; Red vinasse is the vinasse of Shaohsing Wine, and many others. Moreover, enjoying fabulous mountain and sea views with great teas from teahouses are popular among tourists and locals.
Another highlight of Chiufen is the Gold Ecological Museum. The museum offers histories of gold mining industry in the area. Various facilities include Museum of Gold, Environmental building, Crown Prince Chalet, Four-joined of Japanese Styled Residence, Gold-refining building and Benshan Fifth Tunnel. Visitors may take a walk through Benshan Fifth Tunnel to experience the working environment of gold miners in old days, or visit the Crown Prince Chalet for a beautiful Japanese styled chalet and garden. Enriched with beautiful nature views, architectures, and tasty local dishes, Chiufen is an excellent, memorable attraction for your Taipei tours.
Hello, This is a postcard from Chiufen. Chiufen is a famous sightseing spot in Taiwan. It is a small village located in the mountain Chiufen, always crowded with tourists. People can drink tea and enjoy the views from the high point.
Kartu Pos bergambar Yushan, Taiwan yang merupakan salah satu dari delapan taman nasional di Taiwan dan diberi nama sesuai dengan nama gunung dimana taman nasional ini berada.
Taman Nasional Yushan memiliki luas 105,490 hektar dengan lebih dari sepertiga luas tersebut berada diatas ketinggian 3000 mdpl. Berbagai flora fauna ada di taman nasional ini, tercatat setidaknya 2,522 jenis tanaman dan hampir seribuan jenis hewan. Didalam area taman nasional Yushan ini terdapat peninggalan-peninggalan sejarah seperti perlangkapan batu dan gerabah yang menunjukkan bahwa kawasan ini sudah pernah dihuni saat jaman pra sejarah.
Untuk tujuan keamanan, pada 1874 saat Dinasti Qing berkuasa, dilakukan pembangunan jalur tapak yang dikenal sebagai Patung Kuan Historical Trail. Hingga kini, sisa-sisa jalur ini seperti lempengan batu pijakan, dinding dan gardu jaga masih ada. (Terima kasih Sue Mei, Taiwan.)
The Taipei 101
The TAIPEI 101 is an office center offers a world-class office environment and is worthy of consideration as an advantageous location for multinational corporations located in Taiwan. Aside from its location in the national, master-planned Hsinyi District, TAIPEI101 possesses numerous competitive advantages such as 2,644 square meters of unobstructed floor space, ceilings that exceed the height of most other office buildings, as well as spacious lobbies, exhibition chambers, and public spaces.
Taipei 101 adalah pencakar langit setinggi 101 tingkat di Distrik Xinyi, Taipei, Taiwan. Nama resminya adalah Gedung Finansial Internasional Taipei . Menara ini menjadi gedung tertinggi kedua di dunia, setelah Burj Khalifa, di Dubai, Uni Emirat Arab.
Dalam banyak aspek, gedung baru ini adalah salah satu pencakar langit yang paling maju yang pernah dibuat sampai sekarang. Gedung ini memiliki keunggulan yaitu fiber optik dan hubungan internet satelit yang dapat mencapai kecepatan 1 gigabyte per detik. Toshiba telah menyediakan dua lift tercepat di dunia yang dapat mencapai kecepatan maksimum 1.010 m/min (63 km/jam atau 39 mil/jam) dan mampu membawa pengunjung dari lantai dasar ke lantai pengamat di
lantai 89 dalam waktu 39 detik. Sebuah pendulum seberat 800 ton dipasang di lantai 88, menstabilkan menara ini terhadap goyangan yang timbul dari gempa bumi, angin topan maupun gaya geser dari angin. Luas total 450.000 meter persegi, dengan 214.000 meter persegi untuk fasilitas perkantoran, 77.500 meter persegi untuk kebutuhan komersial sedangkan 73.000 meter perseigi lainnya untuk area parkirnya.
Gedung menara ini dibuka pada 31 Desember 2004, di tengah perayaan Tahun Baru yang semarak, lengkap dengan pertunjukan langsung dan kembang api. Presiden Chen Shui-bian, Walikota Taipei Ma Ying-jeou dan Ketua Legislatif Yuan, Wang Jin-pyng bertindak sebagai pemotong pita dalam acara peresmian tersebut. Beberapa lantai telah digunakan sebagai tempat tinggal dan perkantoran.